Milwaukee Homicide Review Commission
Homicide is the leading cause of death among 15-24 year old males in Milwaukee (WISH, 2007) and there are formidable race and gender disparities in occurrence; for example the firearm homicide rate among black males between the ages of 15-24 is 170.44 versus 30.3 for white males of the same age, almost 6 times higher (Census, 2007; MHRC, 2007). In 2004, leaders in Milwaukee including the Mayor, Police Chief, and District Attorney assembled a working team of professionals charged with reducing homicide in Milwaukee through the development of a homicide review process.
The Milwaukee Homicide Review Commission (MHRC) is a multi-level, multi-disciplinary, and multi-agency homicide review process aimed at reducing the occurrence of homicides in Milwaukee. The MHRC creates an environment for many disciplines and agencies to share information and work collectively on violence prevention strategies.
Based upon the public health approach to violence reduction, the MHRC has three goals:
The 30 criminal justice reviews, 15 community service provider reviews and 2 community reviews that covered cases from January 2005 through November 2007 revealed that homicides in the City's intervention districts were:
Enhanced information sharing would aid in investigations, prevention/deterrent strategies and allocation of resources. The Center for Urban Population Health conducted an Information Sharing Needs Assessment and provided recommendations to the MHRC.
Using a time series of monthly counts of homicides in the control and treatment districts (January 1999-December 2006), implementation of MHRC interventions was associated with a statistically significant 52% decrease in the monthly count of homicides in treatment districts.
O'Brien, M., Woods, L., & Cisler, R.A. (2007). The Milwaukee Homicide Review Commission: An Interagency Collaborative Process to Reduce Homicide. Wisconsin Medical Journal, 106(7), 385-388.
Milwaukee Police Department
Mallory O'Brien, PhD
Deputy Chief Brian O'Keefe
Emelia McAuliff, MPH
Center for Urban Population Health
Barbara Beck, PhD
Ron Cisler, PhD
Community Service Agencies
The Alma Center
Asha Family Services
Aurora Sinai Medical Center, Abuse Response Service
Bayview Neighborhood Association*
Bureau of Milwaukee Child Welfare
Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin, Project Ujima
Citizens of Milwaukee
City of Milwaukee Health Department
Community Development Block Grant Coordinating Agencies
The Counseling Center of Milwaukee Harambee Ombudsman Project, Inc.
Hillside Family Resource Center*
Incarnation Lutheran Church*
Latina Resource Center
Lisbon Avenue Neighborhood Association*
Legal Action of Wisconsin, Inc.
The Milwaukee Christian Center*
Medical College of Wisconsin, Emergency Medicine Department
Milwaukee Commission on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault
Milwaukee County District Attorney’s Office, Community Prosecutors and Crisis Response Unit
Milwaukee Department of Neighborhood Services
Milwaukee Housing Authority
Milwaukee Mayor Tom Barrett
Milwaukee Police Department, Community Liaison Officers
Milwaukee Public Schools
Private Industry Council
Project Safe Neighborhoods
Saint Adalbert’s Church*
Social Development Commission
Sojourner Truth House
Southside Organizing Committee
Task Force on Family Violence, Inc.
Various Faith-Based Agencies
Wisconsin Coalition Against Domestic Violence
Wisconsin Community Services
Criminal Justice Agencies
High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area Program
Milwaukee City Attorney’s Office
Milwaukee County District Attorney’s Office
Milwaukee County Medical Examiner’s Office
Milwaukee Police Department
Milwaukee Public Schools Public Safety Division
Office of the District One Chief Judge
US Attorney’s Office
US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives
US Drug Enforcement Administration
US Federal Bureau of Investigation
US Immigration and Customs EnforcementUS Marshals Service
UW-Milwaukee’s Criminal Justice Department
Wisconsin Department of Corrections
Wisconsin Department of Justice, Division of Criminal Investigation
Wisconsin Office of Justice Assistance
*Agencies that have been invited and have committed to joining the Milwaukee Homicide Review Commission.
For more information, contact:
Mallory O'Brien, Ph.D., Director
Milwaukee Homicide Review Commission; generated by Laurie Woods; using Homicide Database; (15 August 2007).
2 U.S. Census Bureau; Census 2000 Summary File (SF 1) 100-Percent Data; generated by Laurie Woods; using American FactFinder;http://factfinder.census.gov; (15 August 2007).
Wisconsin Department of Health and Family Services, Division of Public Health, Bureau of Health Information and Policy. Wisconsin Interactive Statistics on Health (WISH) data query system, http://dhfs.wisconsin.gov/wish/, Mortality Module, accessed 08/15/07.